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Monday, December 27, 2010

KARMA VEERER K KAMARAJ

K. Kamaraj
கர்மவீரர் காமராஜர்


In this Indian name, the name "Kumarasami" is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, "Kamaraj".
Kumarasami Kamaraj (Tamil: குமாரசாமி காமராஜ்) better known as K. Kamaraj (15 July 1903 – 2 October 1975) was an Indian politician from Tamil Nadu widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian politics during the 1960s. He was the chief minister of Tamil Nadu during 1954-1963 and a Member of Parliament during 1952-1954 and 1969-1975. He was known for his simplicity and integrity.
He was involved in the Indian independence movement and was a close ally of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. He was instrumental in bringing to power two Prime Ministers, Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1964 and Indira Gandhi in 1966. He was affectionately known as the Gandhi of the South. He is also known as Padikatha Medhai or Uneducated Intellect . In Tamil Nadu, his home state, he is still hailed for facilitating the spread of education to millions of the rural poor by introducing free education and free mid-day meals scheme in schools for the first time in the whole world during his chiefministership in 1957. He was awarded India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, posthumously in 1976. The domestic terminal of the Chennai airport is named Kamaraj Terminal in his honour. He was hailed as one of the greatest of leaders of all the free world by the then US vice-president Hubert Humphrey.

Kamaraj Biodata

Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Nagercoil
In office
1967–1975
Preceded byA. Nesamony
Succeeded byKumari Ananthan
ConstituencyNagercoil

Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly for Sattur


In office
1957–1967
Preceded byS. Ramaswamy Naidu
Succeeded byS. Ramaswamy Naidu
ConstituencySattur

Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly for Gudiyatham


In office
1954–1957
Preceded byRathnaswamy and A. J. Arunachala Mudaliar
Succeeded byV. K. Kothandaraman and T. Manavalan
ConstituencyGudiyatham

Chief Minister of the Madras State (Tamil Nadu)


In office
1954–1963
Preceded byC. Rajagopalachari
Succeeded byM. Bhakthavatsalam

Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Srivilliputhur


In office
1952–1954
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byS. S. Natarajan
ConstituencySrivilliputhur

In office
1967–1971
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byMorarji Desai

President of the Indian National Congress


In office
1963–1967
Preceded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
Succeeded byS. Nijalingappa

President of the Madras Provincial Congress Committee


In office
1946–1952
Succeeded byP. Subbarayan


Born15 July 1903(1903-07-15)
Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu, India
Died2 October 1975(1975-10-02)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
NationalityIndian
Spouse(s)NIL
ChildrenNIL
ReligionHindu



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